CHEOPS  PYRAMID

F - Subterranean Spaces

Article first time online March 2020

These subterranean spaces, including the lower part of the descending corridor, are all carved into the rock formation of the Giza plateau on which Cheops' pyramid was built. To make a hydraulic press possible (see chapter E) inside the pyramid there’s one (small) shaft to short. The assumption therefore is an additional, as yet undiscovered shaft that would start in the subterranean chamber and would end up just below the king’s chamber. It is of course impossible to see where that shaft could actually begin, the only thing we can do is guess.

F01 - Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. - [1]
The subterranean chamber below Cheops’ pyramid.


To see a more recent photo of the subterranean chamber please see the website of the author Graham Hancock [2]


https://grahamhancock.com/galleries/beauty-of-egypt/inside
 

F02 - Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth. - [3]
From his book: Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid (1877)

F03a - Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth, - [3]
based on previous drawings of Howard Vyse. [4] -
On the drawing, in the vertical shaft is written “Perring’s excavation” [5]

F03b – Drawing by Charles Piazzi Smyth, the same as above but refreshed. - [3]
The location of the top of the pyramid (cross) is incorrect on this drawing.

F04 - Approx. the same drawing but now made by the brothers Edgar.[1]

F04a – Plan of the subterranean chamber. [1]

Fig F04b – Vertical north-south section, looking West. [1]

F04c – Detail of the whole extent of the West wall. [1]

F04d – Vertical West-East section, looking North. [1]
Detail of the North wall and the vertical shaft in the floor.

F04e – Plan of the subterranean chamber, [1]
with numbered details – see further.

[6] – Petrie 37: The dimensions and distances are as follow, from the S. end of the floor of the entrance passage (as deduced from the roof, which is better preserved); and the axial positions and levels are by theodolite observations:

The large chamber walls are therefore distant from the Pyramid central axis, 302.9 E. at N. wall; 299.6 E. at S. wall; 250.6 W. at N. wall; 254.5 W. at S. wall; 40 S. and 366 S. The central axis thus not passing through the chamber, but 40 inches inside the rock of the N. side.

§64. [p. 95] General summary of the positions inside the Great Pyramid:

F05i - Drawing based on the data from sir Flinders Petrie.- [6]
Purple numbers not from Petrie.
Dimensions in inch, size indications from reference line at -1000 inch below pavement.
M = the centerline through the top of the pyramid.
Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 1219 inch. (1 inch = 2.54 cm).

 


  1 – The descending shaft.
  2 – Entrance to a small, steep shaft. The entrance was once closed with a limestone block.
  3 – The small, steep shaft (called the well) leading upwards to “the cave” (grotto).
  4 – Horizontal passage.
  5 – Recess in the horizontal passage, makes it higher and wider along the West side.
  6 – The large subterranean chamber, approx.. 550 x 828 inch, 828 x 1397 cm
        or 15.81 x 26.68 cubit, roughly taken 16 x 27 cubit.
  7 – The deep shaft in the floor of the subterranean chamber, (Perring’s excavation).
  8 – Small blind shaft beginning in the south wall of the subterranean chamber and
       continues further southwards over a distance of 646 inch, 16.40 m (meter) or 31.33 cubit.
  9 – Fig F04e – Large parts of solid rock weren't cut away.
10 – A small niche in the West wall (begin of a small sealed shaft?).

 

F05cm - Same drawing as above, now in cm. Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 30.96 meter.
Purple numbers not from Petrie.

F05cu - Same drawing as above, now in cubit. Lowest point (without deep shaft) = - 59.13 cubit.
Purple numbers not from Petrie.

F06 - Plan of Cheops' pyramid, sizes in cubit.
Location of the subterranean chamber relative to the king’s chamber,
the great gallery and the top M (center) of the pyramid.

 

1 = The King’s Chamber.
2 = Subterranean Chamber.
3 = High threshold at the end of the Great Gallery.
4 = Great Gallery.

1 – The descending shaft.

F07A - Point A, entrance of the shaft towards the "grotto"

F07 - Photo taken from point A (see F07A).
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]
About the lowest part of the descending shaft.
On the left (West) the entrance to the small,
steep shaft leading towards the cave (grotto).

Original text: The descending passage of the great pyramid of Gizeh: Showing in the westwall the lower opening of the Well-shaft.

F21O - Point O in the shaft towards the "grotto"

F21 - Photo taken from point O within the shaft towards the "grotto" (see F21O)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

Original text: The descending passage in the great pyramid of Gizeh as viewed from inside the lower opening of the Well-shaft, looking east: showing its steepness and its low roof.

 


2 – Entrance to a small, steep shaft.

F08B - Point B, looking into the shaft towards "the grotto"

F08 - Photo taken from point B (see F08B)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

3 – The small, steep shaft.

F09C - point C, the beginning of the small, steep shaft towards "the grotto"

F09 - photo taken from point C (see F09C)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

4 – The Horizontal passage.

F10D - point D, the beginning of the horzontal passage

F10 - Photo taken frm point D (see F10D)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

F11E - point E, entrance towards the horizontal passage

F11 - Photo taken from point E (see F11E)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

Original text: The lower square terminal of the Descending Passage of the great pyramid of Gizeh; showing the entrance of the very low small horizontal passage which leads southward to the Pit. [the pit, meaning the subterranean chamber].

[6] – Petrie 37: The entrance passage has a flat end, square with its axis (within at least 1º), and out of this end a smaller horizontal passage proceeds, leaving a margin of the flat end along the top and two sides. This margin is 4.5 wide at E. [left side on photo], 3.2 at W., and 5.4 to 6.0 from E. to W. along the top.


5 – Recess in the horizontal passage.

F12F - point F, the recess in the horizontal passage

F12 - Point F, the recess in the horizontal passage (see F12F)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

[6] – Petrie 37, page 60: The side chamber is an enlargement of the passage, westward and upward, as are all the chambers of the Pyramid; it is very rough and uneven, and encumbered now with large blocks of stone.

F13G - point G in the recess of the horizontal passage

F13 - Photo taken from point G (see F13G)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

6 – The large subterranean chamber.

F14H - point H in the large subterenean chamber.

F14 - Photo taken from point H (see F14H)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

[6] – Petrie 37, page 60: The large chamber is most clearly unfinished, both in the dressing of the walls, and more especially in the excavation for the floor. The walls have an average irregularity estimated at ±.7 and projecting lumps of rock are left untouched in some parts. The roof is more irregular, estimated average variation ±3. The floor is most irregular, at the W. end it rises at the highest to only 10 inches from the roof; and over all the western half of the chamber it is irregularly trenched with the cuttings made by workmen to dislodge blocks of the rock. It is, in fact, an interesting specimen of quarrying, but unfortunately now completely choked up, by Perring having stowed away there all the pieces of limestone taken out of his shaft in the floor.

F15I - Point I in the large subterenean Chamber.

F15 - Photo taken from point I (see F15I)

Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

F16J - Point J inside the large subteranean chamber

F16 - Photo taken from point J (seeF16J)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

Original text: The north-east corner of the rock-cut subterranean chamber, or pit, in the great pyramid of Gizeh, showing the square doorway of the small horizontal passage by which entrance is gained to the chamber.


7 – The deep shaft in the floor.

F17K - Point K in the large subteranean chamber.

F17 - Photo taken from point F17K
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

Original text: The rock-cut subterranean chamber of the great pyramid of Gizeh, looking south; showing the square doorway of the little south blind passage; also the large opening of the deep vertical shaft, witch descends from near the centre of the floor of the eastern portion of the chamber.


Petrie 37 – page 60 & 61: The original depth of the smaller shaft I could not see, it was apparently about 40 inches according to Vyse, when Perring sunk his round shaft down in the bottom of the ancient square shaft. This hole in the dimly–lighted chamber, about 30 feet deep (with water in it after heavy rains have rushed down the entrance passage), and with a very irregular and wide opening, makes measurement about here somewhat unpleasant. I avoided filling the shaft with the earth removed from the passage, or with the stones which Perring excavated from it, in case anyone should afterwards wish [p. 61] to excavate farther at the bottom.]

F18L - Point L in teh large subteranean chamber.

F18 - Photo taken from point L (see F18L).
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

Petrie 37, page 61: The southern passage is very rough, apparently merely a first drift–way, only just large enough to work in, intended to be afterwards enlarged, and smoothed; its sides wind 6 or 8 inches in and out.

F19M - Point M in the large Subterranean Chamber.

F19 - Photo taken from point M (see F19M)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]



Original text: The subterranean chamber, or pit, hewn in the rock a hundred feet below the base level of the great pyramid of Gizeh; showing its very uneven floor (looking west).



10 – A small niche in the West wall.

F20N - point N in the large subteranean chamber.

F20 - Photo taken from point N (see F20N)
Photo by the brothers John & Morton Edgar – 1910, 1913. [1]

----------------------------------------------

References to Chapter F.


Pyramidology:

See Wikipedia (English): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramidology

See Wikipedia (Dutch): https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piramidologie





[1] - Photos taken by the Edgar Brothers.

Great Pyramid Passages, Volume 1 & 2 , (1910 & 1913)

John Edgar & Morton Edgar.

Photos public Domain, see Wikimedia:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Johnedgarpyramid.jpg

Books online:

https://web.archive.org/web/20070928032004/http://www.a2z.org/wtarchive/docs/1913_Great_Pyramid_Passages_Vol_II.pdf

https://www.a2z.org/wtarchive/docs/1924_Great_Pyramid_Its_Symbolism_Science_and_Prophecy.pdf




[2] - To see a more recent photo of the subterranean chamber please see the website of the author Graham Hancock:

https://grahamhancock.com/galleries/beauty-of-egypt/inside

His book in English: “The Fingerprints of the Gods” 1995 – ISBN 90-5121-600-9

Dutch translation: “ Het ontstaan en het einde van alles” – 1997.





[3] - Charles Piazzi Smyth (1819 – 1900)

From his book : Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid (1877)

See Wikipedia: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Piazzi_Smyth


Terms of copyright: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Piazzi-plate_7.jpg

 

[4] – British Colonel Richard William Howard Vyse (1784 – 1853).

See Wikipedia:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Howard_Vyse




[5] – Perring’s excavation

For Perring see Wikipedia: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Shae_Perring



[6] - Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853 – 1942)

See Wikipedia: 
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flinders_Petrie

See also: The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh – 1883

Book online by Ronald Birdsall: 
http://www.ronaldbirdsall.com/gizeh/index.htm