03 - Syene, ancient Egypt
Original date of article: January 2019
As mensioned before, it's the assumption that the earth's crust shift started with a huge shock which had catastrophic consequences (the initial shock). The crustal shift itself may have taken several centuries to finally come to a standstill again, once more accompanied by a violent shock (the end shock).
If a circle is drawn from Abydos passing through the current North Pole (90° N),
that circle almost passes the point where the earlier magnetic north pole was located.
At the centre of that circle the consequences of the start and end shocks would have been 'minimal' because the circumferential speed was the smallest there. On the circumference itself of that circle the speed is maximal and the consequences must have been more than catastrophic there. The chances of surviving the end shock on the globe must have been the greatest in the Abydos area.
E.g. Tiahuanaco, an ancient city in present-day Bolivia, was very close to the circumference of that circle. The initial shock must have been very catastrophic, no wonder everything was totally destroyed there.
Syene (the current Aswan) was (or became later) the cradle of cartographers in ancient Egypt, this fact probably had a thorough reason.
If one draws a circle now with Syene as the centre point and going through the current North Pole the circumference of that circle is also close to the point where the earlier magnetic North pole used to be, the geographical pole must also have been close to that point. It now becomes clear that Syene may have been the real centre point of the circle representing the crustal shift. Syene and also Abydos were the places to be to survive the end shock.
From king Djer on, the orientations of the tombs are very different from the older ones of dynasty 0.
[See Wikipedia] King Djer
In the list with the activities of King Djer the star Sirius or goddess Sopdet is mentioned.
The tomb of king Djer was later seen as the grave of Osiris
and became a pilgrimage site in the New Kingdom.
The North Pole Star on which one had always based itself at that time to orientate itself on the sea or to align structures was probably no longer accurate due to the earth’s crustal shift. It was as if the earth's axis made a circular motion, apparently with Syene as its centre. Therefore the earth axis and the north pole star could no longer be used for orientation nor for drawing maps.
It seems like one started to use the centre of the crustal shift (Syene) as a new orientation point. During the reign of Djer, Sirius probably was considered as the new (temporary) pole star. From then on, the more recent part of burial field B and other buildings were aligned in the direction of Syene, oriented with the star Sirius.
Google Maps - region Abydos, Syene (Aswan) - Egypt
If a building in Abydos is nowadays 23°SE oriented (= 23°NW from Syene)
then that building is pointing exactly towards Syene.
The later tombs can therefore have been oriented towards the ancient city of Syene (Aswan) aligned with the star Sirius. The oldest tomb in that group is that of king Djer (tomb O = 63° NW), is thus the furthest shifted and makes the largest NW angle. The next tomb is that of King Djet (tomb Z = 48° NW). Line O stands for the burial of King Djer, before the line O is his reign. The line Z stands for the death of King Djet, his reign is situated between the lines O and Z.
No doubt the presentation with the NW angles above isn’t totally correct, it’s practically impossible to draw correct the earlier orientations towards Syene (or towards the star Sirius) on a map. The most important detail here is the fact that the oldest tombs have, here again, the greatest NW orientation. The older a tomb, the more it has shifted to the NW. This fact may be a reflection of an earlier crustal shift.
Seen from Syene, Abydos is 23° NW oriented. The grave V of King Chasechemoey has a 23° SE orientation and is nowadays still oriented onto Syene. It’s like this tomb hasn’t shifted at all, as if the crustal shift had already stopped at that moment. It looks like the end shock of the crustal shift has had little or no adverse effects here in Syene and Abydos. If the crustal shift indeed had stopped then Sirius was no longer valid as the pole star. So, from here on one was obliged to orientate on a (new?) pole star (our present pole star?).
The successor of Chasechemoey (last king of 2nd dynasty) was (most likely) Djoser (1st king of 3th dynasty). The Pyramid of Djoser seems to be the first great (very high) monument that was aligned towards the present North Pole, the pyramid is perfect(?) North-South oriented. If the very oldest part of this pyramid still has a very little Northe-West orientation this means the crustal shift was still ongoing (if precession isn’t the cause for this eventually very slight North West deviation).
The sphinx has also a perfect North South orientation and therefore cannot be older than the tomb of Chasechemoey (tomb V). However, all these tombs of Umm el Qa’ab are to be dated between 10,500 BC and 10,000 BC (?). So, the sphinx can be 10,000 years old too.
The Piri Reis Map.
Now that we know Syene was the centre of the earth's crustal shift and the star Sirius perhaps served as the temporary "North Star", it is easier to understand why world maps with Syene as the centre were made. These maps were only useful at the time of the crustal shift itself, this was possibly between 10,500 and 10,000 BC. So, the originals of these world maps can even go back until the time of King Djer.
The Piri Reis map placed above a world map.
[see Wikipedia] The Piri Reis Map
The Piri Reis map is a world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. Approximately one third of the map survived; it shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy.
[See Wikipedia]: Piri Reis
The Piri Reis map has indeed Syene as the middle point. This map is a composition made from several much older copies whose originals possibly are even going back in time to 10,000 BC. Piri Reis was a Turkish admiral, why then did he made a map with Syene as the centre point? Probably Piri Reis himself didn't know why.